Prohibited Grounds of Discrimination
The Alberta Human Rights Act provides protection from discrimination in the above areas under the following grounds. Employers must accommodate employees who fall into the groups protected by the AHR up to the point of undue hardship, taking into account health, safety and cost.
Race - belonging to a group of people related by common heritage.
Religious beliefs - system of beliefs, worship and conduct (includes native spirituality).
Colour - colour of a person's skin. This includes, but is not limited to, racial slurs, jokes, stereotyping, and verbal and physical harassment.
Gender - being male, female or transgender. Also protected under gender are pregnancy and sexual harassment.
Physical disability - any degree of physical disability, deformity, malformation or disfigurement that is caused by injury, birth defect or illness. This includes, but is not limited to, epilepsy; paralysis; amputation; lack of physical coordination; visual, hearing and speech impediments; and physical reliance on a guide dog, wheelchair or other remedial appliance or device.
Mental disability - any mental disorder, developmental disorder or learning disorder regardless of the cause or duration of the disorder.
Ancestry - belonging to a group of people related by a common heritage.
Age - Age is defined in the Act as "18 years or older." Persons who are 18 years or older can make complaints on the ground of age in all of these areas:
- statements, publications, notices, signs, symbols, emblems or other representations that are published, issued or displayed before the public
- employment practices
- employment applications or advertisements
- membership in trade unions, employers' organizations or occupational associations
Place of origin - place of birth.
Marital status - the state of being married, single, widowed, divorced, separated, or living with a person in a conjugal relationship outside marriage.
Source of income - Source of income is defined in the Act as lawful source of income. The protected ground of source of income includes any income that attracts a social stigma to its recipients, for example, social assistance, disability pension, and income supplements for seniors. Income that does not result in social stigma would not be included in this ground.
Family status - being related to another person by blood, marriage or adoption.
Sexual orientation - This ground includes protection from differential treatment based on a person's actual or presumed sexual orientation, whether homosexual, heterosexual or bisexual.